Condition in which a person can see nearby objects clearly but far objects appear blurry is known as Near-sightedness. It is also known as Myopia.The rays refracted by the eye should be focused on the retina to see the image. In this disorder, the eye focuses the rays incorrectly in the front of the retina instead of on the retina. There are no natural remedies to treat near-sightedness. An eye doctor can diagnose near-sightedness and will suggest corrective measures during consultation.There are various techniques to use by an eye specialist to treat near-sightedness. One such effective technique is SMILE.
SMILE, also known as “Small incision lenticule extraction”, is the refractive eye process. It is an efficient and popular technique to treat refractive error.It is currently mainly used in treating near-sightedness. It is a quicker process with a high success rate.
It makes vision correction possible in people who were not suitable candidates for vision correction surgery. It is almost the same as LASIK. The only difference is a small incision on the cornea is created to reshape it instead of the corneal flap.
SMILE is performed by an experienced eye specialist or eye surgeon only. Firstly, to ensure a painless process, the surgeon will administer the an aesthetic eye drops in the eye. It is to numb the eyes. Then the eyelids forceps are placed on the eyes to prevent it from blinking.
After this, using the femtosecond laser, a tiny lens-shaped bit of tissue (called lenticular) is created by the eye surgeon within the cornea.Using the same laser, the surgeon makes a small arc-shaped incision on the cornea. Then the eye surgeon removes the lenticule through the incision made. It is later discarded. Once the lenticule is removed, it alters the shape of the cornea and focuses the light correctly on the retina.
The corneal incision heals automatically after some week without any stitches on the cornea. After the completion of surgery, the doctor will prescribe you the eye drops to administer and will give you instructions to be followed and will call back after a day to check for regular check-ups
Initially, SMILE took around 2 minutes per eye to perform. Currently, it takes about 24 seconds to complete the process. With high-quality cuts, the process will come down to 10 seconds in the coming future. It can correct a high degree of near-sightedness.
For undergoing a SMILE eye surgery, you should be
SMILE is mainly used in treating near-sightedness and astigmatism. While still in its early stages, SMILE has shown an excellent success rate. The success rate of SMILE primarily depends on the less recovery time, no flap complications, improved vision, improved corneal bio mechanics, and faster recovery from post-operative dry eyes, infection, and quicker rehabilitation.