The eyes are the most complex and important part of the body. Several kinds of medical conditions can occur in the eyes. Laser eye surgery is the procedure used to correct the refractive errors in the eyes. Refractive errors are referred to a condition in which the cornea (transparent clear part in the front of the eye) if the person is affected. Generally, it occurs due to the irregular shape of the cornea. When the shape of the cornea is not proper, then the light does not fall on the cornea properly. As a result, the image formed in the eyes is not clear. It results in distortion of vision.
Laser Eye Surgery In Recommended In Which Conditions?
Hyperopia (farsightedness): In this condition, the person cannot see the objects near the eyes and finds it difficult to see the object near the eyes. Near objects may be blurry.At the same time, the person can see the far placed objects.
Presbyopia: This is an eye condition in which the eyes lose their ability to focus on nearby objects.
Astigmatism (differently shaped eye): It is also a type of refractive error. This condition is caused when the cornea and the eye lens are not equally curved.
Myopia (nearsightedness): In this condition, the patient sees the object placed near the eye but may face difficulty focusing on far objects as they may be blurry.
What Are The Benefits Of Laser Eye Surgery?
Some of the benefits of laser eye surgery are:-
There is no hassle of adjusting the spectacles, and no maintenance is required for contact lenses.
A person who does not wants to wear eyeglasses and also does not want to use contact lenses then he/she should go for this surgery.
If a person is indulged in playing some games that cannot be played with eyeglasses on, then he/she should opt for this surgery.
Laser Eye Surgery Is Not Recommended For:-
The person who is under the 20s or younger
Women who are pregnant or nursing
People who are taking medicines that may affect the visuality of a person
What Are The Side Effects Of The Laser Eye Surgery?
Some of the side effects that can occur after laser eye surgery are:-
Dry eyes: It is the most common side effectexperienced by the patient after laser eye surgery. Patients who already have dry eyes and other medical conditions like anaemia and thyroid are at a greater risk of getting affected by dry eyes.
Feeling of glare and haloes: In this condition, the patients see haloes around the light source. It happens more in a dark environment that is after evening. However, due to advancements and development in technology, these side effects have decreased greatly.
Other complications that a person can experience are infection in the eyes, complications related to the flap of the eyes, and bloodshot eyes (red eyes).
The Different Types Of Laser Eye Procedures Available For Removing The Spectacles
PRK (Photorefractive keratectomy): During this operation, the uppermost layer of the cornea is removed. It is done to gain access to the inner part of the eye, that is, the cornea. Then the cornea of the person is reshaped by using an excimer laser.
LASIK (Laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses) : A femtosecond laser is used to make a flap on the top of the cornea. Then the flap is lifted, and then the shape of the cornea is corrected with the excimer laser. After completing the reshaping of the cornea, the flap is re-aligned.
SMILE (Small incision lenticule extraction): In this surgery, VisuMax femtosecond laser is used to make an arc-shaped cut on the cornea. Before this, the lenticule (a small disc-shaped piece of the cornea) is made. Then the bubbles are formed around the tissue that is needed to be extracted. These tissues are then extracted through the arc-shaped cut.
Which Laser Eye Surgery Procedure I Should Choose For Removing Spectacles?
The most crucial step is to find the right surgery for your eyes to get rid of spectacles. To choose the best suitable laser eye surgery for yourself, you should consult your doctor before laser eye surgery. The doctor will examine the eye, and then he/she will prescribe a surgical procedure according to the requirement of your eyes and your comfort.
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